The ever-increasing population around the world brings with it the need for a great deal of consumption. The development of industry also increases the demand for electricity at serious rates. Many reasons such as meeting this demand, the risk of depletion of fossil fuels and the greenhouse effect lead the world to renewable energy sources. Solar energy, which comes to mind first among renewable energy sources, has a common use in electricity production. So what is a solar panel that converts the heat and light given by the sun into electrical energy? We have compiled various topics such as usage areas, benefits and types in our article.
What is a Solar Panel?
Solar panel is a system that converts solar energy into electrical energy. After conversion, it gives many features such as heating, electricity, cooling to your usage areas. Solar panels contain many solar cells to absorb solar energy. The efficiency of a solar panel is determined by the rate at which the cell used converts sunlight into electricity.
How Do Solar Panels Work?
A solar panel; In general, silicon cells consist of linear current and alternating current cables used to transfer the electric current generated through the metal frame, glass housing unit and panel. When the photons from the sun are absorbed by the cells located on the solar panel, the released energy electrons travel to the bottom of the panel and exit through the connection cable. This current of electrons is also called electricity. According to the desired amount of energy, it is possible to combine solar cells and use them in many different areas and produce energy. Although the size of the solar panel used varies according to the desired practice, the principle of operation is the same.
Areas of Use of Solar Panels
Solar panels have many uses. In addition to being used in rural areas outside the city where the electricity network is not high or even not present, it is especially preferred for agricultural lands. Electricity is needed for irrigation of agricultural land, and electricity can be difficult to reach in long distance locations. At this point, solar panels come into play and provide the necessary energy. Solar panels are used in the production of hot and cold water and also in heating. In addition to these, it is frequently used in enterprises, chalets, summer houses, outdoor lighting.
What are the Benefits of a Solar Panel?
- It is easy to install.
- There are no maintenance costs.
- Works silently.
- Energy costs can be calculated clearly.
- It makes energy costs independent and has no external dependence.
- It is not affected by the energy crisis that has occurred.
- It does not harm nature, it is environmentalist.
- It pays itself the automatically in a short time.
- It meets not only electricity, but also heating and hot water needs.